In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia

The nature reserves of the Igelsbachsee reservoir, the peninsula within the Kleiner Brombachsee, the Brombachmoor and the Sägmühle are additionally located on the Brombachsee. The water degree of the Kleiner Brombachsee, like that of the Igelsbachsee, which is fed by the second giant tributary Igelsbach, is kept largely constant by a pre-dam. At the Eckersmühlen lock it’s channeled from the higher water into the immediately neighboring Rothsee, a reservoir created in the Kleine Roth valley. The Danube-Principal transfer system contains a complete of three lakes, including the Altmühlsee with a ring dam and two dams with Brombach and Rothsee, which embrace 5 dams on account of their pre-dams, three hydroelectric power plants at the dams and the Hilpoltstein lock, the canal routes to the Altmühlsee and from there to Brombachsee in addition to 27 different weirs on watercourses, a few of which have been expanded to accommodate larger water move. This water then flows by way of a energy plant with 3 megawatts of electrical output at the Hilpoltstein lock with a head of 24.67 m. Since then, it has hosted numerous Max Planck young research teams and Alexander von Humboldt scholarship holders and, with the College of Engineering, has been concerned in the two Excellence Initiative establishments that have been set up on the College of Erlangen-Nuremberg in 2004.

Since 1994, water has been pumped from the Danube to the highest of the canal using pumps at the 5 locks on the southern ramp of the canal, from where it flows downwards over another barrage into the Rothsee, the place the water is stored and, if vital, in two different ways is also delivered to the Regnitz. This is finished via a power plant with a design output of 630 kilowatts (two by way of-move turbines with 315 kW each). 9.0 m³/s can bypass the power plant. As well as, floodwater inside the upper Altmühl near Ornbau is diverted into the switch system, which is intended to guard the Altmühltal beneath from flooding. When the Altmühl floods, excess water is channeled into the 5 km long Altmühl feeder close to Ornbau to the Altmühlsee. Without the addition, the Regnitz can carry less than 10 m³/s of water at the Hüttendorf gauge in dry circumstances. With the Danube-Essential transfer, the water management authorities of the Free State of Bavaria divert water from the Danube river system into the Regnitz and Essential system in Franconia, which is threatened by non permanent drought. There are also components and facilities of the primary-Danube Canal that simultaneously serve other functions: the canal itself between the connection to the Danube and the outlet into the Schwarzach, together with the inlet and outlet structures, as well as the pumping stations on the south ramp.

While within the name Most important-Danube Canal the rivers in the phrase correspond to the geographical association on the north-facing map, the term Danube-Predominant transition reflects the circulation direction of the water pumped from the Danube and flowing towards the principle. Its longest tributaries also circulation into this lower section of its course, namely the Schwarzach, previously also the Sulz, which has now been cut up due to using its valley and water for the principle-Danube Canal and its predecessor, then the one that, to a certain extent, represents it at present Canal itself and at last the Weiße Laber, all left-hand tributaries, whose great length and catchment space displays the rather more distant location of the left watershed to the Rhenish system on this area. This water will improve the water quality of Regnitz and Fundamental, which has been affected by intensive industrial and agricultural use. This brought with it important restrictions on use and ecological dangers, e.g. B. for the removing of financial institution filtrate for irrigation of the Middle Franconian vegetable growing space, which only became doable with the switch, or by the use of cooling water, and so forth. In the lengthy run, a mean annual switch via your complete system of a hundred and fifty million m³ of water is expected, 5/6 of that by way of the main-Danube Canal. When water is low, water can also be launched from the lake back into the Altmühl, however as a rule it is initially transported from the Altmühlsee via the 8.7 km long Altmühl overpass, which crosses under the watershed in a tunnel over a distance of 2.7 km the Kleiner Brombachsee and from there into the instantly adjoining Großer Brombachsee.

Between 1995 and 2013, an average of 27.9 million have been offered this manner each year. M³ of water over the water sheath was transferred, after the end of the set up, an average of 26.5 million m³ were transferred in 1999-2013 and 28.7 million m³ from the Brombachsee had been given, whereby 11 million m³ of further inflow from the catchment area of ​​the Brombach becomes. Within the years 1994-2013, an average of 97 million m³ of water were transferred to the Rothsee annually, the pure inflow of the small crimson is approx. The character reserve runs about 2.6 kilometers along the south bank of the Großer Brombachsee, from the dam of the small Brombachsee To Ramsberg. The wasteland is located in the Franconian Seenland, 1.5 kilometers southwest of Pleinfeld on a forest edge. South bank of the good Brombachsee, about three kilometers northeast of Langlau and 2.2 kilometers northwest of Ramsberg close to the Weißenberg. Partly paid parking services are positioned at the sports boat port in Langlau and in Ramsberg. The pouch mill was located on the Brombach northeast of the Pfofeld district of Langlau and south of Absberg in the world of ​​today's Kleiner Brombachsee.

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